Revisión sistemática sobre la aplicación y efectividad de tratamientos basados en mindfulness en personas con discapacidad intelectual

  • Rosa Calderón Vicente Fundación Personas. España
  • Cristina Caballo Escribano Universidad de Salamanca. España
Palabras clave: Discapacidad intelectual, mindfulness, terapia, revisión sistemática

Resumen


El objetivo del presente trabajo ha sido realizar una revisión sistemática de los estudios científicos que han aplicado tratamientos psicológicos basados en mindfulness a población con discapacidad intelectual para profundizar en la evidencia disponible respecto a su aplicabilidad y eficacia. Para ello se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en diferentes bases de datos desde julio de 2015 hasta mayo de 2016 y se utilizaron referencias comprendidas entre los años 2000 y 2015. Se seleccionaron y analizaron trece artículos que cumplían con los criterios de inclusión. Los resultados obtenidos indicaron que las terapias basadas en mindfulness parecen influir positivamente en las conductas y emociones de personas con discapacidad intelectual límite, media o moderada, con una edad superior a dieciséis años. Estos hallazgos, sin embargo, deben ser interpretados con cautela debido a las limitaciones metodológicas identificadas en los estudios revisados, siendo necesario seguir investigando y mejorando los diseños de las investigaciones, para poder corroborar los resultados iniciales.

Biografía del autor/a

Rosa Calderón Vicente, Fundación Personas. España

Licenciada en Psicología y Máster en Psicología General Sanitaria. Actualmente trabaja en la Fundación Personas en Valladolid.

Cristina Caballo Escribano, Universidad de Salamanca. España

Profesora del departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y tratamiento Psicológico de la Facultad de Psicología de la Universidad de Salamanca.

Citas

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Publicado
2018-06-06